Kidney disease that is chronically afflicted is one of the most significant risk causes of sudden cardiac arrest among Hispanic and Latino people, a recent study suggests.
In the research, researchers looked over the medical records of two distinct groups comprising Hispanic as well as Latino adults: 295 patients who suffered an unexpected sudden cardiac arrest and a second group of 590 people who did not have the same history. Nearly half of those who experienced cardiac arrest were suffering from chronic kidney disease, and 20 percent of them had advanced cases that required dialysis, according to research results that were published in the Journal of the American Heart Association.
“We were surprised by the high proportion of Hispanic or Latino people with chronic kidney disease, and especially the high number on dialysis,” said the study’s lead writer, Kyndaron Reinier, Ph.D. MPH, who is the director at the Central Center for heart attack prevention and rehabilitation at Smidt Heart Institute of Cedars-Sinai Health System in Los Angeles in the form of a declaration.
As compared to people who did not have cardiac arrests, the ones who did were 7.3 percent more likely to suffer from chronic kidney disease, a study revealed.
“Early detection and management of chronic kidney disease may reduce sudden cardiac arrest risk among Hispanic or Latino individuals,” Dr. Reinier said. “The death rate for sudden cardiac arrest is more than 90 percent, making prediction and prevention of this condition a top priority.”
What Happens During Cardiac Arrest?
If a person experiences an unexpected cardiac attack, all heartbeats and breathing cease, and they become unconscious. If medical assistance is not given immediately to revive the heart, including cardiopulmonary reperfusion (CPR) as well as the use of an automatic external defibrillator (AED), This circumstance is often fatal.
Most of the time, the reason for abrupt cardiac arrest can be traced to an irregular heartbeat. However, it could also happen to those who do not have a prior history or history of cardiovascular disease, as per the Mayo Clinic. A variety of heart-related risk factors could also increase the chance in the event of a sudden cardiac attack such as smoking cigarettes, weight gain, diabetes, or a lifestyle that is sedentary, high blood pressure, or elevated cholesterol levels.
Research Details Disparities in Care
According to the research, people who drink heavily are 4.5 percent more likely to suffer a sudden cardiac ailment. The heart rhythm condition, known as atrial fibrillation, is linked with a quadrupled chance of cardiac arrest. Likewise, the presence of stroke or coronary artery disease was connected to a tripled risk of cardiac arrest.
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This wasn’t a controlled experiment that was designed to determine the possibility that chronic kidney disease could directly trigger an abrupt cardiac event. But kidney disease was much less frequent among people who didn’t have sudden cardiac arrests, and less than 1% of them had dialysis.
Although Hispanic and Latino residents across the United States are no more likely than whites to suffer from chronic kidney diseases, They are 50 percent more likely to suffer from end-stage renal diseases, which require dialysis, according to the study.
This could be due in part to the health inequalities faced by Hispanic individuals in America. United States, says Joaquin Cigarroa, MD, head of the Knight Cardiovascular Institute and a professor of medicine at Oregon Health and Sciences University in Portland, who was not part of the study.
“Hispanics have a high prevalence of diabetes and high blood pressure along with lipid abnormalities,” Dr. Cigarroa says. “Due to social disparities including lower rates of insurance and access, individuals present later and have complications of diabetes including chronic kidney disease and higher rates of consequent dialysis.”
Prevention Is Key
Dialysis and kidney disease can be a source of chronic kidney disease. It can also be associated with a range of cardiovascular conditions that may be a factor in cardiac arrest, which includes cardiovascular disease and heart failure as well as heart attack, says Cigarroa.
The study’s only drawback is that the majority of Hispanic or Latino subjects were of Mexican descent so the results could differ for those from other regions of the world.
“We hope other researchers try to replicate our findings in different populations,” stated the lead study researcher, Sumeet Chugh, MD, head of the Smidt Heart Institute’s Center for heart arrhythmia prevention and Treatment at Smidt Heart Institute, in the announcement. “We would like to compare risk predictors for sudden cardiac arrest in all individuals to determine whether ethnicity-specific prevention or treatment measures are needed.”
The most effective method to avoid cardiac arrest is to be aware of your cholesterol, blood pressure levels, and the levels of blood sugar, says Cigarroa. The most effective first step in prevention is to alter your diet and take medications in the event that any of these factors are elevated, he says.