The monsoon could bring much-needed relief from the sweltering summer heat. However, it also brings with it the dreadful epidemic of mosquito-borne illnesses such as malaria and dengue every year. Dengue is in the media and among hospital patients at the moment as the deadly disease is affecting a growing percentage of the Indian populace.
Dengue also has been exhibiting several alarming signs, including the severe dengue haemorrhage syndrome, which has recently claimed the life of an ophthalmologist aged 28 located in Kolkata. According to research conducted by Marissa Alejandria, Section of Infectious Diseases, University of the Philippines, severe dengue hemorrhagic illness is characterized by intense bleeding, plasma leakage, diminished senses, and inflammation of the heart muscles.
What is Dengue Hemorrhage Shock Syndrome (DHSS)?
We all know that dengue fever is defined by the sudden appearance of madness that is high, an itch, intense body pain, and a rapid drop in platelet counts. Dengue can also exhibit common signs and symptoms that are not as well-known, including abdominal pain, discomfort, constant vomiting and clinical fluid accumulation, mucosal bleeding, lurgy and restlessness, liver enlargement, and a decrease in the number of red blood cells.
But, if dengue fever gets extreme, it may result in dengue shock syndrome, which is fatal due to its death rate of 20 percent. The severe symptoms of DHSS could put the body into a state of shock and breathing difficulties and is a significant cause of hospitalization as well as death among children.
The most severe dengue type begins showing warning signs as early as the second or first day that dengue fever is present by showing signs of symptoms like inexplicably painful stomach, constant vomiting, blood leaking from the nasal or gums or urine, blood in the vomit or stools or bleeding on the skin, difficulties or fast breathing, fatigue, and restlessness or irritability.
When you are suffering from this severe infection due to dengue virus and dengue, the body is compelled to respond with an immune system. But, due to the seriousness of the low platelets that result from the onset of dengue and dengue-related illness, the body’s capacity to coagulate is impaired, which can lead to organ failure and shock.
Preventing Dengue Hemorrhage Shock Syndrome
If you’ve recently been exposed to dengue and you are exposed to it, you should be more cautious when you are in situations where you may be susceptible to bites from mosquitoes. DHSS is primarily a problem for people who have been previously affected by various serotypes of dengue virus. Therefore, the most significant risk reason for DHSS is living in or traveling to areas where dengue is a prevalent issue. Children as young as they are and those who have compromised immune systems are more susceptible to DHSS.
As previous outbreaks of dengue have demonstrated, the primary responsibility for stopping dengue outbreaks rests more with healthcare professionals as opposed to the population at large. The general population must ensure there is no stagnant water left in their houses or the area close to them, use repellent creams or sprays for mosquitoes, and seek a prompt diagnosis as soon as they begin to notice symptoms of dengue.
To protect patients from dengue, hospitals must be equipped to offer adequate nutrition (oral as well as intravenous), monitoring blood and platelet counts, as well as swift intervention in the event of organ failure and bleeding profusely. and organ support in the appropriate manner. Furthermore, the health authorities of the state must implement effective methods to control mosquitoes – ranging including fogging, to fight dengue-carrying mosquitoes, and to eliminate breeding grounds.